Contrary to popular belief, not all Cannabis plants are the same. Cannabis actually refers to a genus of flowering plants. This particular genus includes species such as the Cannabis Sativa and the Cannabis Indica. Each species is capable of producing a variety of strains with genetic distinctions. One way to way to differentiate these distinctions is by determining the levels of THC and CBD.
You may have heard of hemp before, which is often confused as a species or sex of the Cannabis plant. Hemp (Cannabis Sativa L) actually refers to an offset of a strain, so to speak. In other words, it’s a variety of Cannabis that produces very little THC—0.03% to be exact. Because of its low volume of THC, hemp is now specifically grown for CBD. It has also been cultivated for thousands of years for its industrial fibers.
The legality of CBD entirely depends on its source. Since 2018 when the Farm Bill passed, hemp became legal in all 50 states. This means that all hemp-derived CBD is legal as well. However, CBD and THC combinations are only legal in states where medicinal or recreational marijuana is legal.